The American Arborvitae is a native to the state of Minnesota and its decoction is commonly used for medical purposes of treating fevers, rheumatism, cough, and toothaches. Commonly used names for this tree are White Cedar and Eastern Arborvitae. It can grow up to 40-60 feet in height and 15 feet in width in the wild. In urban settings it grows a little smaller at 20-30 feet in height and 12 feet in width. It growth is referred to as slow-medium at up to 24” per year. It North Dakota is the largest one grown to date, being 45 feet tall and 30 feet in width. The wood of this tree is used for many things such as posts, boxes, and furniture. The eastern red-cedar and the rocky mountain juniper are relatives to this particular tree.
This tree is grown for the purpose of being a windbreaker and should be plated about 3 feet apart. It is tall and narrow shaped like a pyramid, and in its earlier stages it is a columnar crown with roots that only spread to the crowns drip line. The buds are arranged in an opposite position, are dark green in color, and look like leaves. They are 1/8 inch in size and tend to be simple and scaly contained in four rows. The leaves are also short at 1/12 inch in length and 1/8 inch in width, with dark green to yellow-green coloring. There is not a lot of fall and wintering change with the leaves color. The monoecious flower is of both male and females sex, and very inconspicuous. It contains light brown cones and seeds, which are ½ inch with 8-10 scales and seeds measuring at 1/8 inch long. The bark is a grey color that sheds and the old bark contains shallow fissures on flat ridges.
This American Arborvitae grows well in the full sunlight, and is a popular choice among landscaping projects. They are tolerable of many different types of soils such as acidic, loam, moist, sandy and clay. They can be drought tolerant to an extent and should have well drained soil. In winter it provides shelter and a nesting place for grackles, while in the summer it does the same for robins and house finches. The winter weather can sometimes cause injury which happens in the United States more or less. The fruit provides food for deer, cottontail rabbits, snowshoe hares, and sometimes on occasion even moose. The seeds go to the birds like the pine siskins. The extracts of this tree are toxic to certain insect pests. Attraction of spider mites can happen when the heat is hot and dry. Bogworm can be a nuisance in the Northern Plains areas.
Come get your Arborvitae today at the TN nursery. We sell mostly every tree that comes to mind, along with shrubs, perennials, vines, and berry trees. Come visit to see what we have in store for you. If you’re looking for native plants we have those too at our native plant site, www.wetlands.com.